FORUM FOCUS 1604 - page 7

April 2016 IssueNo. 7
n the last ten years, many actors
havebeenworking toaddress the
challenges facingwater resource
management in the country. There has
been a lot of progress in Kenya with
regards to howwemanage our water,
reflected in theWater Policy of 1999,
theWaterAct of2002andWaterRules
of 2007. Stakeholder participation has
improved with the establishment of
Water Resources Users Associations
(WRUAs) and Catchment Area
AdvisoryCommittees (CAACs).
Kenya’s set-up of water resource
AddressingWaterSecurity in theUpperEwasoNgiroBasin
management focuses on a drainage
and sub-drainage system.TheLaikipia
ecosystem lies in the Ewaso Ngiro
North Catchment Area (ENNCA) of
which over 90% is classified as arid
and semi-arid land. In this region,
65 WRUAs have been established
with 34 from the upper basin, an area
which has a high concentration of the
catchment’s water resources. There
is also a high population density in
this section of the catchment, which
means thewater resources are heavily
utilized.Thishasgiven rise toconflict.
Despite efforts by WRUAs, water
resources still remain under extreme
pressure. The population continues
to increase with socio-economic
activitiessuchascommercial irrigation
increasing the demand significantly.
This trend isclearlydocumented in the
NationalWaterMaster Plan (NWMP)
that has projected annual surface
water deficit for ENNCA to be 2,442
Million Cubic Meters (MCM) by
2030. This will be more than 3000%
increase from the 2010 deficit of only
68MCM, thehighest rateof rise in the
As part of the push to address this
growing water crisis, representatives
from the private and public sector of
the ENNCA got together at the end
of last year for a one day session
sponsored by LWF and facilitated
by Rural Focus Ltd. The outcome of
this meeting was the understanding
that there are serious water risks in
the region and that these risks are
shared everyone. Mitigating these
risks requires collective action. The
meeting revealed a need for a public-
private partnershipwhichwill address
water access, use, management and
conservation in the Upper Ewaso
NgiroNorthCatchment area
A dedicated taskforce was created
to deliver the Partnership’s terms
of references. This team of 10
people met in February and came up
with a plan that outlines the goals,
purposes, principles and actions for
this voluntary partnership. Dubbed
the “Upper Ewaso Ngiro North
Water Partnership”, this charter will
be presented to the membership
for adoption. LWF will serve as
a secretariat to this partnership to
support its establishment.
ore than 320 students
and teachers from Ereri
Primary School in Segera
will soon benefit from a newly
constructed rain water harvesting
building. It has been constructed by
the Zeitz Foundation and will be
opened on the 14
of April this year
in a ceremony attended by local and
national leaders as well as hundreds
BuildingClimate-SmartSchools inLaikipia
of community members and school
Ereri School is the sixth such
building created by the Segera-based
foundation.Thebuilding sits on topof
a 100,000 litre reservoir and has five
classrooms, two teacher offices and
a courtyard that is easily transformed
into a theatre/performance space.
The first water-bank school
was built and opened in 2012 at
Uaso Nyiro Primary School by the
Zeitz Foundation with additional
funding from Guernsey Overseas
Aid Commission. The concept was
to create a unique, low-cost rain-
harvestingbuildingknown as a ‘water
bank’. The name comes from the
building’s capacity to harvest and
store high volumes of water for long
periods of time. This particular water
bank can harvest up to 360,000 litres
in ayear. In2013 itwon theUSGreen
Building Council’s “Greenest School
on Earth Award” and was featured
on the sustainable solutions website
“Sustainia 100”.
A second andmuchmore ambitious
project is the Laikipia Unity Football
Academy at Endana Secondary
School. The stadium is also designed
to harvest rain, and has a storage
capacity of more than 1.5 million
liters underneath the playing surface!
Teams can engage in 5-a-side football
andvolleyball games, and the stadium
has seating for 1500people.
administration rooms, classrooms
and an environmental education
classroom. The buildings are an
innovative approach at dealing
with one of Africa’s most pressing
problems: finding clean drinking
water.At the same time theyprovide a
great source of fun and entertainment
through sports. This school can
harvest 2million liters ofwater ayear.
Not bad for a semi-arid region that
receives 550mm rainfall in the same
In communitieswhere the effects of
climate change can cause prolonged
drought and erratic weather, rainfall
water-banking in public buildings and
community spaces is a great way to
demonstrate how communities can
become more resilient in the face of
dwindling water supplies. Stay tuned
for nextmonth’s issueofForumFocus
where we cover the events of the
opening ceremony.
Starsof LaikipiaUnityFootball Academy
Projections estimateENNCAwill
experience annual surfacewater
deficit of 2,442MCM by 2030,
which ismore than a3000%
increase from2010deficit.
Water resourcesunderpressure
1,2,3,4,5,6 8
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